AKM 7.62x39mm automatic rifle

01. Original name AKM (модернизи́рованный Автома́т Кала́шникова / modernizírovanny Avtomát Kaláshnikova = “Modernized Kalashnikov Automatic Rifle”)  
02. Other official names AKM 7.62x39mm automatic rifle (USSR post-WW2)  
03. Popular names “Kalashnikov”, “AK”.  
04. Chamberings 7.62 x 39mm  
05. Designed by Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov (Михаи́л Тимофе́евич Кала́шников)  
06. Design date (AK-47: 1944)  
07. In service date(s) 1959  
08. Adopted by USSR, Afghanistan, Albania, Chile, Congo, Cuba, Indonesia, Iraq, Laos, Lebanon, Mongolia, Morocco, Pakistan, Syria, Egypt, Vietnam, Yeman, inter alia. (In excess of 100 countries.)  
09. Production quantities 100+ million Kalashnikov variants, of which ~75 million AK-47/AKM.  
10. Mechanism Long-stroke gas-operated  
11. Weight 3.15 Kg (6.9 lb) with empty magazine [AK-47: 3.9 Kg (8.6 lb)]  
12. Mountings   
13. Practicality in action Highly practicable, short, relatively light, highly resistant to abuse and dirt. Easy to train and maintain (chromed bore). Almost universal availability worldwide  
14. Comments / Other information The most widely used post-WW2 military rifle. Improved version of the Kalashnikov AK-47, with a Type 4 receiver of pressed steel (AK-47: Type 1 pressed steel, Types 2 & 3 milled) Cyclic rate 600 rpm (in-built limiter [not in AK-47]. 30-round box magazine; also 5/10/20/40, and 75 & 100 round (drum). Can be fitted with GP-25 grenade launcher. Main variant, AKMS, with folding stock (used in e.g. armoured vehicles), plus numerous others. 7.62mm Automatic Rifle (“Assault Rifle”) (USSR) (Post-WW2) Introduced circa 1959 – essentially the Kalashnikov AK47 with the body formed from pressed steel rather that a machined forging; chambered for the 7.62x39mm round; cyclic rate about 600 rpm; 30-round box magazine; weight unloaded 6.9lb. Probably the most widely used post-WW2 military rifle.